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Home-Based Enterprises and Urban Neighbourhood Mobility

International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS)
© 2023 by IJSMS Journal
Volume-6 Issue-3
Year of Publication : 2023
Authors : Nkeiru Hope Ezeadichie
DOI: 10.51386/25815946/ijsms-v6i3p106
Citation:
MLA Style: Nkeiru Hope Ezeadichie "Home-Based Enterprises and Urban Neighbourhood Mobility" International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS) V6.I3 (2023): 61-72.

APA Style: Nkeiru Hope Ezeadichie, Home-Based Enterprises and Urban Neighbourhood Mobility, International Journal of Science and Management Studies (IJSMS), v6(i3), 61-72.
Abstract:
The global expansion of home-based enterprises (HBEs) particularly after the COVID-19 pandemic requires more scholarly investigations due to their effects on residential neighbourhoods. Existing studies on HBEs span from social, economic, political to environmental perspectives. However, the effects of HBEs on neighbourhood mobility is under-researched especially in global South cities, where the informal types are predominant; and affect the mobility of residents. This study, therefore examines the HBEs effects on neighbourhood mobility. The objectives of the study are; to determine the incidence of HBEs, and to ascertain HBEs effects on neighbourhood mobility. Three neighbourhoods were selected through stratified random sampling; Gariki (high density), Ogui New Layout (medium density) and Government Reserved Area-GRA (low density) in Enugu, Nigeria. Mixed method was utilized for data collection through field observation, questionnaire-administration, interview; and analysed using descriptive statistics. The result reveals the incidence of HBEs as; 39.5%, 23.9% and 21.1% for Gariki, Ogui New L/out and GRA, respectively. The HBEs effects on neighbourhood mobility reveal that over 70% of the respondents do not incur any transportation cost to access goods and services at HBE locations. Over 50% indicated that the average time to HBE location is less than 15 minutes. However, over 40% of respondents indicated that HBEs cause increased traffic volume within the neighbourhoods. The study concludes that HBEs clearly have positive effects on neighbourhood mobility, nevertheless, the negative effects require careful consideration in urban planning. The study is significant as it provides data for better analysis and management of neighbourhood transportation system.
Keywords: Home-based enterprise, Mobility, Neighbourhood, Planning, Urban.
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